The Enigmatic Enigma of Egypt’s Nighttime Weather

Egypt, the land of pharaohs and pyramids, is a country that boasts a rich and intriguing history, and its weather is no less fascinating.

Egypt’s climate, particularly its weather at night, is a captivating blend of Mediterranean and desert climate patterns. The country’s geographical location, straddling the northeast corner of Africa and the southeast edge of the Mediterranean Sea, plays a significant role in shaping its climate.

This article delves into the essence of Egypt’s weather at night, focusing on the various factors that influence it, from the northern currents of the Mediterranean Sea to the arid desert climate of its vast inland areas.

The Dichotomy of Egypt’s Climate

Egypt is primarily characterized by a hot desert climate, which is generally marked by high temperatures and low humidity. However, this is not the universal climate across the country.

The Mediterranean coast, including the north coast and the Nile Delta, experiences a Mediterranean climate pattern with mild, rainy winters and hot, sunny summers. The average temperatures here are significantly cooler compared to the scorching heat of the desert regions.

The Mediterranean Coast and the Nile Delta

The Mediterranean coastline, particularly the north coast, experiences a milder climate due to the northern currents of the Mediterranean Sea. Sea breezes offer a respite from the heat, especially during the summer months.

The average temperature during summer ranges between 27 to 35 degrees Celsius during the day, dropping to a cooler range at night. Winters along the Mediterranean coast are generally mild, with average winter minimums hovering around 10 degrees Celsius.

The Nile Delta region also follows the Mediterranean pattern, albeit with a few differences. The winter months are cool, but not cold, with temperatures averaging around 14 degrees Celsius. Rainfall is more common in this region than in other parts of Egypt, but it is still relatively low, with a few rainy days scattered across the winter months.

The Deserts and Inland Areas

Moving away from the Mediterranean coastline and into the heart of the country, the climate shifts drastically. The Western Desert, Eastern part, and Sinai Peninsula are dominated by an arid desert climate. Here, the sun reigns supreme, making these regions some of the sunniest places on Earth.

The summer months are extremely hot, with maximum temperatures often exceeding 40 degrees Celsius. The winter months, on the other hand, are warm and sunny, with average temperatures around 22 degrees Celsius.

The Enchantment of Egypt Weather at Night

The weather in Egypt at night is a unique phenomenon. The desert, which is blisteringly hot during the day, cools down considerably as the sun sets. The average temperature in the desert regions drops to around 7 degrees Celsius during winter nights, requiring a light jacket or a warm layer.

In the summer, the nights are warm and pleasant. The average temperatures hover around 22 degrees Celsius, providing a welcome relief from the scorching daytime heat. The Mediterranean coast and the Nile Delta region also experience a significant drop in temperature at night, making the evenings cool and comfortable.

The Influence of the Red Sea and Other Factors

The Red Sea, situated to the east of Egypt, has a significant influence on the country’s climate, particularly on the cities along its coast, like Sharm El Sheikh.

The sea temperatures remain relatively constant throughout the year, averaging around 22 degrees Celsius in winter and 28 degrees Celsius in summer. The sea’s influence moderates the weather in these cities, making them popular destinations for tourists seeking a warm, sunny climate.

Wind also plays a crucial role in Egypt’s weather. The country experiences two main wind seasons: the hot, dry Khamsin winds that blow from the south in spring, and the cooler, northern winds that prevail during the winter months.

The Seasonal Variations of Egypt’s Nighttime Weather

Winter Nights in Egypt

Winter in Egypt, extending from November to April, is characterized by cooler temperatures and occasional rain. The winter months are generally mild, particularly along the Mediterranean coast and the Nile Delta.

The average winter minimum temperatures here hover around 10 degrees Celsius, with a few rainy days scattered throughout the season. Rainfall, though infrequent, is a welcome phenomenon, adding a touch of freshness to the otherwise dry climate.

In stark contrast, the desert regions and inland areas experience significantly colder nights. The average winter temperatures can drop to around 7 degrees Celsius, prompting the need for warm clothing. Despite the chill, winter nights in the desert are a spectacle to behold, with clear, star-studded skies offering breathtaking views.

Summer Nights in Egypt

Summer nights in Egypt are a stark contrast to its winter counterpart. The long summer, extending from May to October, is characterized by warm, balmy nights. The Mediterranean coast and the Nile Delta region, under the influence of the northern currents and sea breezes, experience cooler nights with average temperatures around 22 degrees Celsius.

The desert regions, on the other hand, also witness a drop in temperature at night, but the nights remain warm. The average summer temperatures hover around 30 degrees Celsius, providing a pleasant respite from the daytime heat. The clear, cloudless skies make for perfect stargazing opportunities, adding a touch of magic to Egypt’s summer nights.

The Magic of Egypt’s Weather at Night

The weather in Egypt at night is a delightful blend of the Mediterranean pattern and the arid desert climate. The nighttime weather varies significantly across the country, from the cool, breezy nights of the Mediterranean coast and the Nile Delta to the warm, serene nights of the desert regions.

The unique blend of climates, coupled with the country’s rich cultural heritage, makes Egypt a fascinating destination for travelers from around the world.

Preparing for Egypt’s Nighttime Weather

When planning a trip to Egypt, it’s crucial to consider the country’s unique nighttime weather. Light jackets, warm layers, and clothing made of natural fibers are recommended for the cooler winter nights.

For the warm summer nights, breathable, light-colored clothing is ideal. A wide-brimmed hat, sunglasses, and sunscreen are essential for protection against the daytime sun. Comfortable, breathable shoes are a must for exploring the country’s diverse landscapes.


Egypt, with its rich history and unique blend of climates, offers a fascinating experience, particularly when it comes to its weather at night.

The country’s nighttime weather, shaped by various influences ranging from the Mediterranean Sea to the arid desert climate, is as diverse and captivating as its cultural heritage.

Whether it’s the cool, breezy nights of the Mediterranean coast, the warm, starlit nights of the desert, or the balmy, pleasant nights along the Red Sea, Egypt’s weather at night leaves a lasting impression on all who experience it. .

FAQ about Egypt Weather At Night

Does Cairo, Egypt experience cold nights?

Yes, during the winter months, particularly in late December and January, Cairo can have quite cool nights. The average temperature can drop to around 8 degrees Celsius, making it necessary to have a jacket handy for early morning and evening excursions.

Is Egypt hot during December?

December in Egypt marks a departure from the intense heat of the summer. The daytime temperatures are mild, averaging around 15 degrees Celsius, and at night, they can drop below 10 degrees Celsius. Rainy weather is also possible, making an umbrella a useful item to have.

What is the typical temperature range in Egypt at night?

Egypt’s nighttime temperatures can vary significantly, especially in the desert areas. During the summer, temperatures can drop to 7 degrees Celsius at night, while in the winter, they can reach 0 degrees Celsius.

Is Egypt cold at night in December?

Yes, Egypt experiences cooler temperatures at night during December. The average temperature can drop below 10 degrees Celsius, and it can get colder than one might anticipate. Rainy weather can also occur, necessitating a warm layer and a rain jacket.

How cold does the Egyptian desert get at night?

The desert regions of Egypt experience a wide temperature range. In the summer, temperatures can drop to around 7 degrees Celsius at night. During the winter, temperatures can reach 0 degrees Celsius, making the desert nights quite cold.

Does Egypt experience cold nights?

Yes, Egypt does have cold nights, especially in the winter. The temperature can drop to about 8 degrees Celsius, and given that many houses and hotels lack central heating, it can feel quite chilly.

Why does Egypt get so cold at night?

The cold nights in Egypt, particularly in the arid regions, can be attributed to the country’s desert climate and low rainfall. The high sunshine levels result in a dry climate, which cools significantly at night, especially during the winter.

What is the typical winter temperature in Egypt at night?

During the winter, Egypt experiences mild temperatures. However, nighttime temperatures can fall below 10 degrees Celsius. In the Western Desert, record lows have even dipped below freezing during the winter months.

How cold does Egypt get in the winter?

Winter in Egypt offers a break from the summer’s intense heat. Daytime temperatures are mild, averaging around 15 degrees Celsius, and at night, they can drop below 10 degrees Celsius. It can get colder than expected, so warm layers and rain jackets are recommended.

Why does Egypt experience such cold nights?

The significant drop in temperature at night in Egypt, particularly in the desert regions, is due to the thermal properties of sand. The sand absorbs the sun’s energy during the day, causing temperatures to rise, but at night, the heat radiates back into the air, cooling the sand and its surroundings.

What is the coldest temperature recorded in Egypt?

The temperature in Egypt varies from 7 degrees Celsius to 42 degrees Celsius throughout the year. The coldest temperatures, rarely falling below 4 degrees Celsius, are typically experienced in January.

How cold can it get in Cairo, Egypt?

Cairo experiences a range of temperatures throughout the year. In January, the coldest month, temperatures can drop to around 8 degrees Celsius. In contrast, August, the hottest month, can see temperatures rise to near 39 degrees Celsius.

What are the winter temperatures in Cairo?

Winter in Cairo lasts from December to March, with average daily high temperatures below 22 degrees Celsius. January is the coldest month, with average lows of 10 degrees Celsius and highs of 19 degrees Celsius.

Does it snow in Egypt?

Snowfall in Egypt is a rare occurrence. It typically snows in the mountainous areas of Sinai, such as Saint Catherine, due to their high altitudes. However, cities like Giza, Cairo, and Alexandria almost never see snow.

Does it snow in Cairo, Egypt?

Snow in Cairo is an extremely rare event. While it does snow in the mountainous regions of Sinai, cities like Cairo, Giza, and Alexandria, situated at lower elevations, almost never experience snowfall.