Egypt Summer Weather: A Comprehensive Guide

Egypt, a land renowned for its ancient civilization and historical sites, is a popular tourist destination that attracts millions of visitors yearly. Its geographical location in the northern hemisphere, coupled with its hot desert climate, gives rise to unique weather patterns that vary across the country.

This article aims to provide an extensive and detailed guide on Egypt summer weather, focusing on the summer months, average temperatures, and ideal times to visit Egypt for an unforgettable experience.

Egypt’s Arid Desert Climate

Egypt is characterized by an arid desert climate, with sweltering heat during the day and frigid nighttime temperatures.

The summer spans from July to September, with the peak summer months falling in July and August. During these months, the summer temperatures remain high, with average summer temperatures often exceeding 35°C (95°F) in major cities like Cairo.

The western desert, a vast expanse stretching west of the Nile River, experiences even more extreme conditions. The daytime temperatures can rise dramatically under the baking sun, making the Egypt’s western desert region a place for the most weather hardened visitors.

Weather in Egypt’s Coastal Areas

In contrast to the searing temperatures of the interior, the coastal city of Alexandria and other locations on the northern coast enjoy a slightly cooler, more Mediterranean climate.

These coastal areas stay warm during the summer months, but sea breezes from the Mediterranean Sea offer a refreshing respite from the heat.

The average monthly temperature during the summer months averages around 27-30°C (80-86°F). The city exceptionally humid, but the regular cool breezes make it bearable.

The Red Sea Coast: A Summer Paradise

The Red Sea coast, home to popular destinations such as Sharm El Sheikh and Hurghada, is a haven for summer tourists. Egypt’s Red Sea resorts are known for their warm sea temperatures, ideal for scuba diving and other water sports.

Despite the summer heat, the Red Sea coast enjoys a subtropical desert climate with low humidity, making it a comfortable place to visit even in the peak summer months.

The average temperatures here during the summer months average around 33°C (91°F), with the Red Sea’s warm waters providing a delightful contrast.

Nile Delta and Nile River Cruise

The Nile Delta, a lush green landscape in the north of Egypt, experiences a slightly different weather pattern. The summer temperatures here remain high, but the Nile River’s influence keeps the area generally mild compared to the interior regions.

A Nile River cruise during the summer months can be a mesmerizing experience, with the opportunity to witness Egypt’s historical sites under the glow of the summer sun.

However, the heat can be intense, and it’s recommended to pack a light jacket for the cooler evenings.

Egypt in July: Coping with the Summer Heat

Visiting Egypt in July means bracing for oppressive heat, especially in the western desert and major cities.

However, this is also the time when the Red Sea coast and the northern coast are at their most vibrant, bustling with tourists enjoying the warm sea temperatures and the stunning coral reefs.

Despite the heat, Egypt in July can be a unique experience for those prepared to adapt to the weather conditions. A sturdy pair of walking shoes, light clothing, and a hat are essential items to pack.

When is the Best Time to Visit Egypt?

While the summer months offer a unique experience, the best time to visit Egypt for most tourists is during the winter months, specifically from November to February.

During this time, the weather in Egypt is generally mild, with daytime temperatures in the 20s (°C) and cooler nights. The winter season also sees very little precipitation, with only a few rainy days, particularly in the northern coastal areas.

However, for those who are not deterred by the summer heat, visiting Egypt during the summer months can be rewarding. The historical sites are less crowded, and the Red Sea coast is at its best. It’s recommended to plan your visit during the early morning or late afternoon to avoid the peak heat. For those planning a summer visit, an early spring trip or a late fall visit can offer a balance between the heat of summer and the cooler winter temperatures.

The Nile River: A Lifeline in the Heat

The Nile River, the lifeblood of Egypt, plays a significant role in the country’s weather patterns. The river’s cooling effect is a welcome relief during the summer months, especially in the areas surrounding the Nile Delta.

A Nile River cruise is a popular way to escape the summer heat, offering a refreshing journey through Egypt’s rich history and culture. The temperatures during the summer months average around 35°C (95°F), but the river’s cool breezes provide a pleasant contrast.

Don’t forget to pack a light jacket for the cooler evenings on the river.

Winter Falling into Summer: The Transitional Periods

Egypt’s transitional periods, from winter falling into summer and vice versa, are marked by generally mild weather. The months of March and April (spring) and October and November (fall) offer a reprieve from the intense summer heat and the chill of winter.

Egypt in the fall is particularly beautiful, with slightly cooler temperatures and fewer crowds at popular historical sites.

These periods are often considered the best time to visit Egypt, offering a balance between pleasant weather and the opportunity to explore the country without the crowds.

The Western Desert: An Unforgiving Summer

Egypt’s western desert region, a vast and arid landscape, experiences some of the country’s most extreme weather. The summer heat in this region can be intense, with daytime temperatures often exceeding 40°C (104°F).

The baking sun can make the western desert a challenging place to visit during the summer months, even for the most weather hardened visitors.

However, the region’s stark beauty, characterized by its vast sand dunes and unique rock formations, makes it a must-visit for the adventurous traveler.

The Red Sea: A Summer Oasis

The Red Sea coast is a true summer oasis, offering a respite from Egypt’s oppressive heat.

With average summer temperatures around 33°C (91°F), the region is warm, yet the low humidity and cooling sea breezes make it comfortable. The Red Sea’s warm sea temperatures, which average around 26°C (79°F) during the summer months, make it a popular spot for water activities such as scuba diving and snorkeling.

The coastal city of Sharm El Sheikh, one of Egypt’s Red Sea resorts, is particularly popular during the summer months.

Preparing for Your Visit: Weather and Clothing

When planning your visit to Egypt, it’s important to consider the weather and pack accordingly.

During the summer months, lightweight clothing, hats, sunglasses, and sunscreen are essential to protect against the sun’s rays. In contrast, the winter months require warm clothing, including a jacket for the cooler evenings.

For those visiting the Red Sea coast, swimwear and beach accessories are a must. Regardless of the time of your visit, sturdy walking shoes are advisable for exploring Egypt’s historical sites and navigating its varied terrain.


Egypt, a land steeped in history and blessed with diverse landscapes, offers a unique travel experience. Its summer weather, ranging from the sweltering heat of the western desert to the refreshing breezes of the Red Sea coast, is a testament to the country’s geographical diversity.

Whether you plan to visit during the peak summer months or prefer the milder transitional periods, understanding Egypt’s weather patterns will help you make the most of your journey.

Remember, no matter when you choose to visit, Egypt’s rich history, vibrant culture, and stunning landscapes promise an unforgettable adventure.

FAQ about Egypt Summer Weather

1. When does summer occur in Egypt?

Summer in Egypt typically unfolds between May and August. During this period, temperatures can reach a high of 36 degrees Celsius and dip to a low of around 23 degrees Celsius. Rainfall is almost non-existent, making it vital to carry sun protection and hydration essentials.

2. Is August an overly hot month to travel to Egypt?

August, being a peak summer month in Egypt, experiences high temperatures ranging from 96 to 105°F. The midday heat can feel quite intense. However, the tourist footfall is relatively low during this time, and travel costs are more economical, making it an attractive time for some travelers.

3. When is the ideal time to explore the Pyramids of Egypt?

The most comfortable time to visit the Pyramids in Egypt is between October and April. During these months, the temperatures are cooler yet pleasantly warm, making it more enjoyable to explore Cairo’s bustling streets and the ancient Pharaonic tombs.

4. What is the typical temperature in Egypt in August?

In August, Egypt experiences high temperatures ranging from 96 to 105°F.

5. Is June a hot month in Egypt?

Yes, June marks the onset of Egypt’s intense summer season with daytime temperatures ranging between 35 to 40 degrees Celsius. However, the nights are relatively cooler, averaging around 22 degrees Celsius.

6. Is summer a favorable time to visit Egypt?

Summer in Egypt, falling between May and August, is characterized by high temperatures. Compared to the winter months when temperatures range between 33-21 degrees Celsius, summer can be exceptionally hot. However, for those who can tolerate the heat, it can be a unique time to visit.

7. Which month records the highest temperature in Egypt’s summer?

August is typically the hottest month in Egypt’s summer, with temperatures reaching up to 113 °F (45°C). Despite the heat, it’s the most affordable season for a cruise along the Nile River.

8. Which month is the hottest in Egypt?

The months of June through August are the hottest in Egypt, with August often recording the highest temperatures.

9. How hot does it get in Egypt in July?

In July, Egypt experiences average daily temperatures of around 34°C (94°F) and nightly temperatures of approximately 22°C (72°F).

10. Is it unbearably hot to visit Egypt in August?

August, being in the middle of Egypt’s peak summer season, can witness temperatures soaring up to 40 degrees Celsius. The nights are slightly cooler at around 25 degrees Celsius. This intense heat suggests that only weather-hardened tourists should consider a trip during this time.

11. Which month is the hottest in Egypt?

The months of June through August are the hottest in Egypt, with August often recording the highest temperatures.

12. Which is the best month to visit Egypt?

The period from October to April is considered the best time to visit Egypt. During these months, the daytime temperatures are comfortable, nights are cool, and sunshine is guaranteed, making it perfect for exploring Cairo or venturing into the desert.

13. Is it too hot to visit Egypt in summer?

Summer in Egypt, characterized by dry and scorching heat, is considered the off-season for tourism. However, for those who can withstand high temperatures, a summer visit to Egypt shouldn’t be ruled out.

14. What is the hottest month of the year in Egypt?

The hottest months in Egypt are from June through August, with August often being the warmest.

15. How hot can Egypt get in the summer?

During the summer, Egypt can experience temperatures as high as 122 F.