The Winter Weather of Egypt: A Detailed Overview

Egypt, a country known for its rich history and iconic pyramids, is blessed with a unique climate that sets it apart from many other destinations.

Its weather patterns, largely influenced by its arid desert climate, are characterized by only two seasons: a molten summer and a cool winter.

This article aims to provide a comprehensive understanding of Egypt’s winter weather, focusing on average temperatures, hours of sunshine, precipitation, and other key aspects that shape the climate during the cooler months.

Egypt’s Climate: A Brief Overview

Egypt’s climate is predominantly hot desert, with high temperatures and very little rainfall. The country is known for its scorching summer temperatures, which can easily exceed 30 C, particularly in the Western Desert.

However, the winter climate presents a stark contrast. From mid-October to late February, the country experiences its winter season, which is considerably cooler and more comfortable.

The Winter Weather: A Detailed Examination

Average Temperatures

In winter, Egypt’s average temperatures range between 20 C and 10 C, a significant drop from the summer months’ average high of around 35 C. However, these temperatures can vary depending on the city and the time of day. For example, in Cairo, the average temperature in December hovers around 20 C during the day and drops to around 10 C at night.

On the other hand, coastal areas along the Mediterranean Sea, such as the northern coast, tend to have milder winters, with average temperatures slightly above those in other cities. The Red Sea resort town of Sharm El Sheikh, located on the Sinai Peninsula, also enjoys milder winters, with temperatures rarely dipping below 15 C.

Hours of Sunshine

Despite being winter, Egypt remains one of the sunniest places on earth. The winter months see an average of 7-9 hours of daylight, a decrease from the summer months, but still ample time for sightseeing and exploring.

The sun often shines with clear skies, providing a pleasant backdrop for visiting Egypt’s historical sites.

Precipitation and Humidity

Rain in Egypt is a rare occurrence, but when it does fall, it’s usually during the winter months. The amount of rain varies by region. The northern coast and the Nile Delta see the most rain, with an average of a few rainy days per month in winter. However, the Western Desert and the Sinai Peninsula are much drier, with virtually no rainfall.

Humidity levels also fluctuate across the country. Coastal areas experience higher humidity due to their proximity to the sea, while desert regions have lower humidity levels. In cities like Cairo, the average winter humidity hovers around 60-65%.

Preparing for Egyptian Winters: A Guide for Tourists

Visiting Egypt in winter offers a respite from the intense summer heat. However, the drop in temperature, especially at night, calls for some preparation. It’s recommended to pack warm clothing, including a light jacket for the cooler evenings. Clothes made from natural fibers are ideal as they allow your skin to breathe and can help regulate body temperature.

Footwear is also important. Breathable shoes are recommended for daytime exploration, while warmer options may be necessary for cooler nights. Given the generous hours of sunshine, don’t forget to pack a wide-brimmed hat and sunscreen to protect against the sun’s rays.

City-Specific Winter Weather Patterns


Cairo, the bustling capital of Egypt, experiences mild winters compared to other global cities in the northern hemisphere. Winter in Cairo begins in late October and lasts until mid-March. December is the coldest month, with an average high temperature of 19 C and a low of 10 C. Despite the drop in temperature, Cairo’s winter is relatively dry, with rainfall being a rare occurrence.

Sharm El Sheikh

Located on the Sinai Peninsula, Sharm El Sheikh boasts a unique microclimate that makes it a popular winter getaway. The winter months are comfortably warm with maximum temperatures hovering around 22 C. The city also experiences minimal rainfall, making it an ideal destination for those seeking winter sun.


Alexandria, situated on the northern coast, has a Mediterranean climate with mild, wet winters. The city experiences the most rainfall in Egypt, with the majority falling between December and February. Despite the rain, the average temperature remains mild, ranging from 10 C to 18 C.

The Influence of Wind Speed

In Egypt, wind speed varies across the country and plays a significant role in shaping the winter climate. In the Western Desert, the wind can be strong and dry, causing sudden temperature drops, especially at night.

In coastal areas, breezes from the Mediterranean Sea help moderate the climate, keeping temperatures mild even during the winter months.

Visiting Egypt in Winter: A Detailed Guide

Winter is considered one of the best times to visit Egypt. The milder temperatures and fewer hours of intense sunshine make for a more comfortable exploration of the country’s famed historical sites.

What to Pack

When packing for a winter trip to Egypt, consider the fluctuating temperatures and potential for cooler evenings. Layered clothing is recommended, allowing you to adjust to the changing weather throughout the day. A light jacket or sweater is essential for the cooler nights, particularly in desert areas where temperatures can drop significantly after sunset.

Footwear should be comfortable for walking. Breathable shoes are ideal for daytime, while warmer options may be needed for the cooler evenings. Don’t forget to pack a wide-brimmed hat, sunglasses, and sunscreen to protect against the sun’s rays, even in winter.

Best Places to Visit

Winter is an excellent time to explore Egypt’s iconic landmarks, such as the Pyramids of Giza, the Sphinx, and the Valley of the Kings. The pleasant weather also makes a Nile River cruise more enjoyable.

For beach lovers, the Red Sea resorts of Sharm El Sheikh and Hurghada offer warm winter temperatures and plenty of sunshine.


Egypt’s winter weather, characterized by mild temperatures, abundant sunshine, and minimal rainfall, offers an ideal climate for exploring the country’s rich history and culture.

Whether you’re planning to visit the bustling city of Cairo, the sunny beaches of Sharm El Sheikh, or the historical sites along the Nile River, understanding the winter climate will ensure you’re well-prepared for your journey.

From the second week of October to early March, Egypt’s winter presents a pleasant escape from the intense summer heat, making it a preferred time for most tourists. .

FAQ about Egypt Winter Weather

What is the chilliest month in Egypt?

Egypt experiences its lowest temperatures in January, making it the coldest month of the year.

What’s the lowest temperature Egypt experiences?

Egypt’s temperature can drop to its lowest point of around 4°C, typically in January, while the highest temperatures can reach up to 45°C in August.

When did Egypt last experience snowfall?

The last recorded snowfall in Egypt occurred on 20th December 2021, a rare event that brought about school closures and port suspensions in Alexandria.

How does the winter weather in Egypt feel?

Egypt’s winter weather is mild and comfortable, with daytime temperatures averaging around 20°C. However, temperatures can drop below 10°C at night, and occasional rainfall is experienced, especially in December.

When is the most favorable time to visit Egypt?

The period from October to April is considered the best time to visit Egypt due to its comfortable daytime temperatures, cool nights, and guaranteed sunshine.

Which month is ideal for a trip to Egypt?

The months between October and April are ideal for a trip to Egypt, offering comfortable daytime temperatures and cool nights, perfect for exploring Cairo or venturing into the desert.

When was the last time Alexandria in Egypt experienced snowfall?

The Mediterranean city of Alexandria in Egypt last experienced rare snowfall on 20th December 2021, coinciding with its seasonal winter thunderstorms.

Does Egypt witness snowfall during winter?

Snowfall in Egypt is an unusual occurrence, mostly confined to the Sinai mountains. Cities like Giza, Cairo, and Alexandria rarely experience snow, with the last recorded snowfall in Cairo dating back to 1901.

Which month experiences the most distinct climate in Egypt?

Egypt’s climate is hot and dry, with a mild winter season characterized by rainfall along coastal areas, and a hot, dry summer season running from May to September.

What are the average high and low temperatures in Egypt each month?

Egypt’s average high temperatures range from 18°C in winter (December to February) to 34°C in summer (June to August). The average low temperatures range from 9°C in winter to 21°C in summer.

Is Egypt a pleasant destination in winter?

Egypt offers a pleasant climate in winter with mild daytime temperatures averaging about 20°C. However, nights can be significantly cooler, dipping to around 10°C or below.

How does the weather in Egypt change over 12 months?

Over the year, Cairo experiences long, hot, humid, arid summers and cool, dry winters. The temperature typically varies from 10°C to 36°C, rarely dropping below 8°C or exceeding 38°C.

What is the current season in Egypt?

Egypt’s climate consists of two seasons, a mild winter from November to April and a hot, dry summer from May to October.

How does winter appear in Egypt?

Winter in Egypt is characterized by mild temperatures, occasional rainfall along coastal areas, and a hot, dry summer season. Daytime temperatures vary by season and change with the prevailing winds.

What is the winter climate like in Egypt?

Egypt’s winter climate is marked by short, cool, dry, and almost cloudless days. The temperature ranges from 7°C to 42°C, with the lowest temperatures being in January, rarely dropping below 4°C.