Egypt’s weather is a unique blend of various elements, each contributing to the country’s overall climate.
The desert climate, the proximity to the sea, and the country’s geographical location in the northern hemisphere all play a critical role in shaping its weather patterns.
Let’s delve into these elements to understand their impact.
The Desert Climate: A Dominant Factor
The desert climate is the dominant factor influencing Egypt’s weather. Characterized by high temperatures, low humidity, and minimal rainfall, this hot desert climate is prevalent across much of the country, particularly in the south and the interior regions.
The desert climate ensures clear skies and plenty of sunshine throughout the year, making Egypt one of the sunniest places on earth.
However, the desert climate also means that the country experiences significant temperature variations between day and night. This is especially noticeable in the winter months, when the temperatures can drop considerably after sunset. Therefore, it’s advisable to carry a light jacket or a shawl for the cooler evenings.
The Sea: A Moderating Influence
The Mediterranean Sea to the north and the Red Sea to the east have a moderating influence on Egypt’s weather, particularly in the coastal cities. The sea breezes help to temper the high summer temperatures, making the coastal regions more comfortable during the hot summer months.
Moreover, the sea also influences the weather in terms of humidity. The coastal cities tend to have higher humidity levels compared to the interior regions, which can make the heat feel more intense. However, the sea breezes usually help to mitigate this effect, providing a refreshing respite from the heat.
The Northern Hemisphere: Seasonal Changes
Egypt’s location in the northern hemisphere means that it experiences seasonal changes similar to other countries in this hemisphere.
The summer months, from June to August, are the hottest, while the winter months, from December to February, are the coolest. However, due to its desert climate and proximity to the equator, the seasonal changes in Egypt are less pronounced compared to countries further north.
The spring and fall seasons, although short, offer a pleasant respite from the intense summer heat and the cool winter temperatures.
These seasons, particularly spring, are often considered the best times to visit Egypt, as the weather is typically warm and comfortable, ideal for sightseeing and outdoor activities.